When you consider the wide agreement among biblical scholars about who wrote every other book of the new testament, its a little mysterious that we dont know who wrote hebrews. Christ, as son, heir, and creator, is also the final spokesman in the final covenant. Overall, the book of hebrews is a work of encouragement. Sproul explains the critical questions about the canonicity of hebrews and why we can have full confidence in its inclusion in the new testament. Hebrews interpretation of melchizedek in genesis, the book of genealogies, there is no genealogy of melchizedek. If you think about the new testament of the bible at all, you may wonder about the name given one of the books.
Who knew the author of a new testament book would agree with tupac about. The hebrews were apparently being pressured by both jews and judaizing christians those who held to a belief in christ but taught that one must adhere to the mosaic law to be saved. No other book in the new testament integrates the gospel with the old testament better than the book of hebrews. The author is anonymous, although either paul or barnabas. The grand purpose of the book of hebrews uk apologetics. A summary of the book of hebrews limerick reformed fellowship. Though not initially written to us, hebrews will always be a relevant study for new testament christians to undertake.
The writer to the hebrews constantly compares the inadequacies. A study of hebrews gene taylor2an introduction to the book of hebrews i. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Jesus might have had humble beginnings, but he went on to become a pretty big deal. The theological epicenter of the epistle to the hebrews may be summed up in one word. Should it be listed with the rest of the new testament. Significantly, the book makes no reference to the destruction of the temple at jerusalem in ad 70, and the author wrote as if the sacrificial system were still in existence hebrews 10. Book of hebrews bible survey who wrote the book of hebrews. Nov, 2014 unlike some books, the epistle to the hebrews doesnt have a clearcut verse that everyone agrees is the theme of the whole book. Akin, president southeastern baptist theological seminary wake forest, north carolina sebts. The writer to the hebrews constantly compares the inadequacies of the old testament sacrificial system to the.
Seven theological themes in hebrews gordon college faculty. The old testament foreshadowed the new, and hebrews is the place to go if we wish to understand this as we should. The supremacy and sufficiency of jesus christ as revelator and as mediator of gods grace. Introduction to hebrews 10 isaiah gives some remarkable insights into the apocalyptic language used in the bible. A summary of the book of hebrews limerick reformed. As should be noted in any discussion of baptism, the crossing into the land was highlighted by the baptismcircumcision of joshua josh 5. Theme verse a verse or set of verses that sums up the story, structure, andor theme of the book of the bible it was written in. Theme it is stated early and emphasized often throughout the book. Taken together, these themes distinguish the book of hebrews from books that we know were written by paul. Campbell morgan and lewis sperry chafer said that he was the preincarnate christ. No biblical document outside of the four gospels focuses as totally and forcefully on the person and redemptive achievement of jesus. The niv study bible, hodder and stoughton, 1993, article hebrews page 1817.
And throughout the epistle to the hebrews, god comes off as pretty judgmental. The book of hebrews is a general epistle apostolic letter. Aug 29, 2011 the main theme of hebrews is the absolute supremacy and sufficiency of jesus christ as our high priest and revealer of god. With its myriad references to hebrew customs and the old testament, the book was likely sent to a jewish christian community, possibly in rome. These folks knew about angels, the old testament heroes, the devil, and moses tabernacle, but someone thought they needed to know a little more. The book reveals to us that christ is the substance of all the old testament shadows. Far from being all about tithing this great book actually has a very clear and distinctive theme.
Hebrews, theology of bakers evangelical dictionary of. The author of the letter to the hebrews remains shrouded in mystery. The whole book of hebrews negates that idea and supports what paul says in galatians 3. The book of the new testament routinely known as hebrews is a difficult nut to crack. Thisrevelationfromgodcameindiversmannerspolutroposinmanymannersls 659.
He was a gentile while the author was most definitely a hebrew. Themes in the book of hebrews jesus christ is superior. There is nothing in the letter to tell us who wrote it nor is there a strong tradition to associate an author with the book. Its theme is of salvation by faith in the atoning sacrifice of yeshua. The author is anonymous, although either paul or barnabas was traditionally accepted as the author. Themes from hebrews no other book in the new testament integrates the gospel with the old testament better than the book of hebrews. The message of hebrews for the global church is that jesus is better than every other thing believers are tempted to fall back into, such as their formers ways of sin, culturally comfortable patterns of thinking or living, or nonchristian ethical codes. The book of hebrews starts off by saying that jesus is the final revelation from god spoken about in the old testament lightfoot 35.
Who knew the author of a new testament book would agree with tupac about something. The epistle to the hebrews, or letter to the hebrews, or in the greek manuscripts, simply to the hebrews. It is the book of hebrews that takes up this theme and explains it in greater detail see hebrews 8. Although hebrews is not written in apocalyptic language, it does employ it. Book summary this book portrays christ as our great high priest who ever lives to make intercession for us. Hebrews with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Hebrews differs in some respect with the other epistles of the nt. Analysis of hebrews themes by phd students from stanford, harvard, berkeley. The book of hebrews along with romans and galations forms a trilogy explaining the heart and.
He is greater than angels, the torah, moses, the promised land, priests, melchizedek, sacrifices, and the covenant. Study on the road or teach directly from your tablet. The book of hebrews elevates jesus above historical people. This smaller section emerges as a theological micro. Hundreds of relevant easy to understand teaching points. Hebrews was written for christians who had been in the church for a while. A theme throughout hebrews is jesus as the preexisting son of god and as the high priest in heaven. Introduces perspectives on the author, audience, date and purpose of the book of hebrews that can help us interpret the original meaning and apply this book to our modern world. Seven theological themes in hebrews gordon college. Some think that paul wrote it but the style and vocabulary are very different from pauls other letters.
The main themes in hebrews include the superiority of christ, the superiority of the new covenant, and urgent calls for the believer to persevere in his faith. God is not called father of the believers hebrews 12. Doctrinally the book of hebrews accords with the pauline epistles. Macleod dean of the graduate program emmaus bible college, dubuque, iowa the question of emphasis or the doctrinal center of hebrews, is a vital one.
Unlike some books, the epistle to the hebrews doesnt have a clearcut verse that everyone agrees is the theme of the whole book. Jan 02, 2020 book of hebrews bible survey who wrote the book of hebrews. This summary of the book of hebrews provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of hebrews. Other new testament books play up jesus lowly origins more, but the author of hebrews is pretty big on the power and the glory part. Seven theological themes in hebrews merland ray miller by examining the relationship of literary form to theological argument in the book of hebrews, seven theological themes occurring throughout hebrews are elucidated, each of which is especially preva lent in 11. Theme verse a verse or set of verses that sums up the story, structure, andor. It begins as an essay, progresses as a sermon, and ends as a letter heb. Other new testament books play up jesus lowly origins more, but the author of hebrews. Is it the book of hebrews, the letter to the hebrews, or perhaps a sermon to the hebrews. Introduction to hebrews the epistle to the hebrews is a unique book in the new testament. Oct 15, 2015 watch our overview video on the book of hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. When he had made purification of sins, he sat down at the right hand of the majesty on high.
The book of hebrews is a great book to teach us an important lesson about studying the bible. The son of god is better than angels, priests, old testament leaders. Jesus is greater, so hold fast to him overviewbible. It is the superiority of our lord jesus, then, that remains the theme of this eloquently written letter. In hebrews, the author shows how jesus is the ultimate revelation of god. Clement of alexandria suggests that paul wrote the book originally in hebrew and that luke translated it into greek, though the greek of hebrews bears no resemblance to translation greek e. The theme of hebrews is the superiority of judaism over christianity. The excellency of jesus christ, the mediator of a better covenant a summary of the book of hebrews. It was assumed to be directed to jewish christians. By its warnings and exhortations it seeks to show what faith is, how it functions and what results it achieves. The epistle to the hebrews, or letter to the hebrews, or in the greek manuscripts, simply to the.
That is why this is the most christcentered book in the new testament. The letter is written to hebrew christians, that is, those who have converted to christ from judaism, and who are under pressure to depart from christ. The theme of the epistle is the doctrine of the person of christ and his role as mediator between god and humanity. A biblical study guide on the book of hebrews ford. But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. That is the theme of this book and this tells us what this book is all. Christs sacrifice for our sins was perfect and complete. Aug 31, 2016 the book of hebrews is a long list of reasons to cling to jesus. I have discovered two effective ways in which auctor latin for author of the letter to the hebrews exhorts us to recognize the main theme in his bookjesus. In the book of hebrews, we must accept that god can give stern warnings to his children. The book of hebrews solves this problem by arguing that the hebrew scriptures also foretold that the. Jesus is both the divine son of god and completely human, and in his priestly role he clears the way for human beings to approach the father in heaven through prayer hebrews 4. It shows us his heavenly ministry at gods right hand, resting from the completed work.
As hard as it is, we must let the text determine what the text is saying. Bible study series on the book of hebrews chapter by chapter. The main theme of hebrews is the absolute supremacy and sufficiency of jesus christ as our high priest and revealer of god. As early as the second century, this treatise, which is of great rhetorical power and force in its admonition to faithful pilgrimage under christs leadership, bore the title to the hebrews. What does it mean that jesus was a little lower than the angels psalm 8. The apostle paul wrote more than half of the new testament. When hebrews talks about faith, therefore, it must help us to see the object of faith, because our faith will be strong if we believe and understand that the object of our faith is strong. What i mean by theme verse first of all, i should probably define theme verse for this conversation. Specifically, some say he only wrote thirteen of the twentyseven books of new testament, while others say fourteen. The book of hebrews boldly proclaims the superiority of jesus christ and christianity over other religions, including judaism. Jan 02, 2020 it is the superiority of our lord jesus, then, that remains the theme of this eloquently written letter. Israels sin had continually interrupted gods fellowship with his chosen and covenant people, israel. Perhaps nowhere in the new testament does the old testament come into focus more than in the book of hebrews, which has as its foundation the levitical priesthood. The text does not mention the name of its author, but was traditionally attributed to paul the apostle.
Given its beautiful qualities, maybe it doesnt matter. The theme of hebrews is the absolute supremacy and sufficiency of jesus christ as revealer and as mediator of gods grace. The book of hebrews compares and contrasts jesus to key historical people and events from the old testament. It is in many ways an enigma, but it is also in many ways the clearest teaching in the whole nt about the value of christ and his ministry on our behalf before god. This book portrays christ as our great high priest who ever lives to make intercession for us. As we studied through the book of hebrews, several overarching topics kept popping up again and again. I have discovered two effective ways in which auctor latin for author of the letter to the hebrews exhorts us to recognize the main theme in his book jesus. The author of this epistle is relentless in his effort to reveal christ as greater than the prophets, angels, moses, and the levitical priests. Oct 30, 2015 the excellency of jesus christ, the mediator of a better covenant a summary of the book of hebrews. According to this book, from the beginning of time, jesus was there, hanging with god and the angels, plotting to be the savior of the universe.
In extrabiblical greek and the nt apart from hebrews, the meanings revolve around the idea of bringing a person or action to completion. Recently i have discovered two effective ways in which auctor latin for author of the letter to the hebrews exhorts us to recognize the main theme in his book jesus. One such example is its use of the word fire which apocalyptically refers to gods judgment see hebrews 10. The theme of the promised land is crucial to understanding the warnings contained in the book of hebrews. What does it mean that jesus learned obedience by the things he suffered hebrews 5. Watch our overview video on the book of hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Book of hebrews overview insight for living ministries. Since the book of hebrews is grounded in the work of the levitical priesthood, an understanding of the book of leviticus is essential for properly interpreting hebrews. Early manuscripts bear the title to the hebrews, which reflects the ancient assumption that it was written to jewish christians as well as gentile christians who previously had been drawn to the jewish religion.731 1103 480 65 880 582 508 1104 168 646 694 502 1510 1316 860 60 68 1184 861 212 298 907 1238 1514 510 385 1219 1511 568 912 272 701 914 1075 523 317 1480